Regular expressions… and I’m not talking about the ones you normally text with. It is an apt name however, due to it being something I use on a very “regular” basis.
My Initial Expression
When I first stumbled across regex, my initial expression was one of boredom. Let’s be honest, regex doesn’t exactly boast of the latest and greatest or the newest and coolest. Plus, it was officially first used in perl when I was like -13 years old… pretty sure CDs weren’t even a thing at that point. So who cares? Why not spend the time learning redux, or the newest task runner or bundler?
The Test of Time
Although it’s been around a long time, I would bet that it’s probably one of the most commonly used tools whether you know it or not. Just dig into any URL rewriting, the core of WordPress, or all of the find and replace tools out there. Behind the scenes regex has saved hours of work, and been implemented in one facet or another to all major development tasks or endeavors.
Alright, I get the history, so what does it do?
Regex, in a nutshell, is way to add logic to find-and-replace or pattern match — a “mapping” that allows you to be able to logically decipher a string into various pieces or patterns. What this does is, it allows your application to be able to quantify things like URLs, log messages, or anything else where you may want to extract specific pieces or patterns, but aren’t always sure what the contents of those strings might be.
For example, most web servers use pattern matching for their URL parsing. So when you see a URL: “https://peterjohnhunt.com/blogging-begins/” this gets matched by the webserver to tell it which web directory and post you want to view. WordPress will then extract the pieces from the URL using pattern matching to determine the post type, post name, page index of a blog feed, category, etc. Those extracted pieces get turned into variables like “https://peterjohnhunt.com/index.php?post=blogging-begins” etc.
Going Beyond the Behind-the-Scenes
All that is cool to know, but it becomes a lot more applicable when you realize regex is usable in all the languages I’m aware of, as well as most find-and-replace tools including Atom, Google Spreadsheets, etc! It also becomes very handy when you need a customized permalink structure for a client and you want to make it fit in with WordPress’s pretty permalinks, or you have a massive file of log messages and want to extract specific parts in your text editor.
Here are some awesome tools and tips to learn more: